Usefull Windows commands

In Windows, if you go to the Start menu you can find the shortcut to Run….

Appwiz.cpl – Deleting programs
calc – calculator
charmap – character table the
chkdsk – Utility to check the disk
cleanmgr – utility for cleaning disks
cmd – Command line
compmgmt.msc – Computer Management
control – Control Panel
control admintools – Administrative
control desktop – Display Settings / Personalization
control folders – folder Options
control fonts – Fonts
control keyboard – keyboard properties
control mouse – mouse properties
control printers – devices and printers
control schedtasks – task Scheduler
desk.cpl – devmgmt.msc screen Resolution – Manager
dfrgui device – defragment disks
diskmgmt. msc – Disk Management
dxdiag – DirectX diagnostic Tools
eventvwr.msc – View events explorer
firefox – browser Firefox
firewall.cpl – Firewall Windows
iexplore – Internet browser Explorer
inetcpl.cpl – properties browser Internet Explorer
logoff – Exit Windows user account
magnify – magnifying glass
main.cpl – mouse properties
migwiz – migration tool Windows
mmsys.cpl data – audio Setup
mrt – malicious software removal tool
msconfig – msinfo32 system Configuration – Details
mspaint system – Graphic editor Paint
ncpa.cpl – Network connections
notepad – Notepad
osk – screen keyboard
perfmon – system monitor
powercfg.cpl – Power
psr – tool Steps Recorder
regedit – registry editor
shutdown – Shutdown Windows
sysdm.cpl – system properties
syskey – protection database Windows
taskmgr – tasks manager
timedate.cpl – date and time setting
utilman – Access Center
verifier – driver verifier Manager
wab – Address book Windows
winver – version Windows
wmplayer – Player Windows Media Player
write – editor Wordpad
wscui.cpl – support Center

How to uninstall built-in applications from Windows 10 that don’t have an uninstall options

A number of the Windows applications (Universal applications) in Windows 10 have no uninstall option however they are still just AppX packages installed on the OS so can be viewed and removed using PowerShell.

Launch an elevated PowerShell session and then run command:

Get-AppxPackage *<part of package name>* | Remove-AppxPackage

To remove. For example to remove the built-in Mail and Calendar applications I use:

Get-AppxPackage *communi* | Remove-AppxPackage

To view all the packages use:

Get-AppxPackage | ft Name, PackageFullName -AutoSize

Some common ones you may wish to uninstall are listed below with the part of package name to use:

  • Camera – *camera*
  • Mail and Calendar – *communi*
  • People – *people*
  • Money, Sports, News, Travel, Health, Food and Weather – *bing* or to just remove certain ones use *bingsports*, *bingtravel* etc. Use ‘Get-AppxPackage *bing* | ft Name, PackageFullName -AutoSize’ to view the names
  • Groove Music and Movies & TV – *zune*
  • Xbox – Why? :-) *xbox*
  • Solitare – *solit*
  • 3D Builder – *3d*

How to change associate file types with specific programs?

If you choose the wrong program in the dialog box “Open With” and set “Always use the selected program to open these files.” And if the program is removed properly, leaving the system in association with the file types it supports. There are several ways to fix it.
Method 1: Try to associate the files you want with the right programs using all the same dialog “Open with”
Method 2: Control Panel \ All Control Panel Items \ Default Programs \ Ask comparing “Change Program”
Method 3: Search in the registry branch [HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT]
Method 4: Use a utility Unassociate File Types, which allows you to remove both the association and remove the file type from the registry.

How to Add or remove (Uninstall) programs on Windows 8 and Windows Server 2012:

1. Right-click at the screen’s bottom-left corner and from the pop-up menu choose “Control Panel“.


2a. If your view is by: Category, open “Uninstall a program” under “Programs” group.


2b. If your view is by: Small Icons, open “Programs and Features” option.


3.Select the program or application you want to be removed and choose “Uninstall/Change”.