Usefull Windows commands

In Windows, if you go to the Start menu you can find the shortcut to Run….

Appwiz.cpl – Deleting programs
calc – calculator
charmap – character table the
chkdsk – Utility to check the disk
cleanmgr – utility for cleaning disks
cmd – Command line
compmgmt.msc – Computer Management
control – Control Panel
control admintools – Administrative
control desktop – Display Settings / Personalization
control folders – folder Options
control fonts – Fonts
control keyboard – keyboard properties
control mouse – mouse properties
control printers – devices and printers
control schedtasks – task Scheduler
desk.cpl – devmgmt.msc screen Resolution – Manager
dfrgui device – defragment disks
diskmgmt. msc – Disk Management
dxdiag – DirectX diagnostic Tools
eventvwr.msc – View events explorer
firefox – browser Firefox
firewall.cpl – Firewall Windows
iexplore – Internet browser Explorer
inetcpl.cpl – properties browser Internet Explorer
logoff – Exit Windows user account
magnify – magnifying glass
main.cpl – mouse properties
migwiz – migration tool Windows
mmsys.cpl data – audio Setup
mrt – malicious software removal tool
msconfig – msinfo32 system Configuration – Details
mspaint system – Graphic editor Paint
ncpa.cpl – Network connections
notepad – Notepad
osk – screen keyboard
perfmon – system monitor
powercfg.cpl – Power
psr – tool Steps Recorder
regedit – registry editor
shutdown – Shutdown Windows
sysdm.cpl – system properties
syskey – protection database Windows
taskmgr – tasks manager
timedate.cpl – date and time setting
utilman – Access Center
verifier – driver verifier Manager
wab – Address book Windows
winver – version Windows
wmplayer – Player Windows Media Player
write – editor Wordpad
wscui.cpl – support Center

Uninstall apps without Add/Remove or an uninstall program in Windows95/98

If you want to uninstall an appliction that has no uninstall program and it is not listed in the Add/Remove applet of Control Panel (or that uninstall doesn’t work), then just delete the directory/files. Drill down:

HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\ andHKEY_CURRENT_USER\SOFTWARE

locating the applications entry and delete them.

Use Explorer to to remove the entries from the Start Menu in either %windir%\Profiles\All Users\Start Menu\Programs\ and/or %windir%\Profiles\YourId\Start Menu\Programs\

If there is an entry in the Add/Remove list, edit:

HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Uninstall

locate the entry and delete it. If the app has a service, edit:

HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\System\CurrentControlSet\Services

and scroll down till you locate it. Then delete it.

If this app starts automatically and there is no entry in the StartUp folder(s), then use Regedt32 to edit:

HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows NT\CurrentVersion\Windows

load REG_SZ and
run REG_SZ

Remove the offending value and reboot.

How to install and remove programs in Windows 95/98

Windows provides a consistent method for easily adding new MS-DOS-based, Windows 3.x-based, and Windows 95/98-based software. In addition, Windows 95/98-compliant programs register themselves in the uninstall database and can be easily uninstalled.

Installing Software with a Setup or Install Program

Some CD-ROM-based programs are Windows 95/98 aware and have an Autorun.inf file that launches the Setup program automatically. The following procedure is for those programs without this feature.

  1. In Control Panel, double-click Add/Remove Programs.
  2. On the Install/Uninstall tab, click Install.
  3. Insert the floppy disk or CD-ROM containing the Setup program, and then click Next.
  4. Verify the Setup program to be run, or click Browse to locate the Setup program. When you click Next to continue, the Setup program is run.
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NOTE: Some MS-DOS-based programs must be set up with Windows in MS-DOS mode. If you cannot install an MS-DOS-based program, restart Windows in MS-DOS mode and try to install the program again. Refer to the program’s documentation for additional information.

Installing Single Components (.inf Files)

If the program you are installing has a Windows 95/98-compliant information (.inf) file, follow these steps:

  1. In Control Panel, double-click Add/Remove Programs.
  2. Click the Windows Setup tab.
  3. Click Have Disk.
  4. Type the path for the new program’s .inf file, or click Browse and locate the .inf file, and then click OK.
  5. NOTE: When you are browsing for the .inf file, you can select only the first .inf file. However, all .inf files in the folder are read. You can type the name of the .inf file you want. For additional information see the following article in the Microsoft Knowledge Base:
    ARTICLE-ID: 130788
    TITLE : Add/Remove Programs Selects Only the First Information File

  6. Click the check box for the program element you want to install, and then click Install.
  7. NOTE: If no items are displayed when you select the .inf file, make sure the element is not already listed on the Windows Setup tab.

  8. Click OK to finish the installation.

Removing a Windows 95/98-Compliant Program

If the program is Windows 95/98 compliant, follow these steps to uninstall it:

  1. In Control Panel, double-click Add/Remove Programs.
  2. On the Install/Uninstall tab, click the program you want to remove, and then click Add/Remove.

For information about how to remove programs from the Add/Remove Programs tool list, please see the following article in the Microsoft Knowledge Base:
ARTICLE-ID: 247501
TITLE: How to Manually Remove Programs from Add/Remove Programs list

Removing a Program That Is Not Windows 95/98 Compliant

To remove a program that is not listed in the Windows 95/98 Add/Remove Programs tool, refer to the program’s documentation for instructions to remove the program. Note that not all non-compliant programs can be removed easily.